Disigning Hope and The Ivory Foundation are working with the NGO APAF International to develop agroforestry training.
The definition given by the World Agroforestry Center is as follows: “A dynamic natural resource management system based on ecological foundations, integrating trees on farms and the rural landscape, thus diversifying and maintaining production in order to improve the social, economic and environmental conditions of all users of the land. “

Agroforestry is a rational land use system that increases the total productivity of cropland through the combination of trees and crops. This old agronomic technique can meet many expectations of human societies.

Rapidly and not exhaustively, agroforestry has the following qualities:

  • it fertilizes the soil, enriches it with organic matter and the structure
  • it enriches the biodiversity of cultivated areas and thus stabilizes the environments
  • it moderates the soil microclimate and helps adapt to climate change;
    crop evapotranspiration is decreased.
  • improves soil porosity and water and nutrient storage capacities
  • it diversifies sources of income through the production of firewood, labor and forage
  • it increases incomes per saving of fertilizer and treatment

At the same time, agroforestry contributes to the fight against erosion, deforestation, desertification and the storage of carbon in the wood of trees and in soils enriched with organic matter; and thus reduce the volume of “carbon dioxide”, a greenhouse gas responsible for climate change.

Finally, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), more than 1 billion hectares are available for conversion into high productivity agroforestry systems that have the potential to reduce poverty and deforestation significantly, and sequester carbon on a large scale. According to the IPCC, the potential for carbon sequestration could reduce CO2 in the atmosphere by 50 billion tons within 50 years.

Permaculture (= permanent cropping) goes beyond a simple ecological agricultural production system. His approach encompasses all aspects of daily life and connects all elements, including human beings, with each other.

An important place is given to the design of the garden, carried out after a long period of observation and in which the different parts are placed so as to optimize the available resources, the space and the displacements.

In Africa, where the climate is favorable, associations like APAF use certain families of trees, called fertilizing trees, to enrich the soil.

 

In the same category :
Agroecology

Permaculture

Below are publications related to agroforestry:

A flowery garden in Burkina Faso

During summer, the gardener maintains the Yagma school kitchen garden. The peppers are covered with fruit. The trees are growing and will soon bring shade to the crops.  

Harvesting at the Campus Vert, in Koudougou

New pepper harvest by the Campus Vert association on their demonstration garden. New fertilizing tree seedlings were also planted to plant on the plots.

The fertilizer tree of Yagma

Trees grow in Yagma’s garden! Fertilizing trees and fruit trees are growing and will soon bring shade to the garden!  

Agroforestry in Yagma: First Moringa trees

In Yagma, the garden is flourishing! The first fertilizing trees begin to grow. Souleymane Traoré, the president of APAF Burkina, explains to the children how to harvest the leaves of Moringa to use them to flavor the meals, after having … Read More

hedgerows

In agroforestry, hedgerows can play a dual role: A defensive role and a shelterbelt role. In Africa, in particular, the main threat to vegetable gardens comes from wandering animals, unregulated wandering herds or whose shepherds feed the animals without worrying … Read More

Preparing the soil for the plant nursery

One of the first steps in APAF’s agroforestry training in Southern Africa was to prepare the nursery for seed sowing. This required identifying local fertilizer trees similar to the seeds to be planted, in order to recover soil near the … Read More

Plant nursery Preparation – Mamohato Children Center

A space has been delimited to accommodate the nursery, which will produce the necessary fertilizer trees for the field.

Plants to protect the plots

In Lesotho, agaves are used as barriers to protect cultures from animals.

Mamohato Children Center

Located on the outskirts of Maseru, the capital of Lesotho, this holiday center, funded by NGO Sentebale hosts groups of HIV positive children during the school holidays for one week. They come from all over the country, and enjoy a … Read More

Agroforestry – Ladysmih

On the occasion of the agroforestry training given by APAF in May 2017, a visit was organized to Ladysmith. The children of the Halfway House of Roosboom have set up a nursery and sowed the seeds of fertilizer trees given … Read More

Search for indigenous fertilizer trees, Piggs Peak – Swaziland

During the training given by APAF International, Pascal Humbert has been searching for fertilizer trees in the Piggs Peak region. He quickly identified the Leuceana. The Leuceana is a great asset in agroforestry: it fertilizes the soil that nourishes it, … Read More

First fertilizing tree seedlings – Yagma

The fertilizing trees are now ready to be transplanted onto the growing beds.

Fertilizer tree nursery

The compost was used and incorporated into the plots. The shaded hut and the trenches dugged for the compost will be used now as a nursery for the fertilizing trees. Plastic bags, filled with a mixture of soil and compost, … Read More

Mamohato Children Center – preparation of the agroforestry plot

Training in agroforestry techniques was provided in May 2017 in Lesotho at the Mamohato Children Center. With one member of APAF  in charge of this training, plots have been identified in order to prepare the establishment of a vegetable garden … Read More

Lesotho – Preparation of planting fertilizer trees

The seeds of fertilizer trees are covered with a natural coat which protects them but which also slows down the germination process. Some seeds require a scarification, which breaks this protective envelope. The seeds of moringa or gliricidia require only … Read More

Preparation of the ground in Koudougou

Since 2011, Designing Hope has been developing a partnership with the Laafi village in Koudougou in the field of awareness of early pregnancy and HIV / AIDS. In February 2017, a new project completes this collaboration in partnership with APAF … Read More